Makeup is much more than putting together a combination of products and artistically applying them onto the skin. The knowledge of skin types and skin conditions is essential to a quality makeup job because it could be the difference between that perfect look and some shabby outcome. Majority of makeup products are appropriate to specific skin types, hence the need to have proper understanding of the subject.
The different types of skin are:
• Normal Skin
Normal skin is also referred to as well-balanced skin. Normal skin has a good balance of sebum and is not too dry or too oily. Sebum is an oily substance secreted by the sebaceous glands that lubricates the hair and skin and gives some protection against bacteria. Normal skin has fine and evenly-distributed pores. The texture is soft and smooth and has no sensitivities or blemishes.
• Dry Skin
Dry skins produce less amount of sebum than normal skins and can be identified by how easily and quickly they absorb moisturizers. The degree of dryness of the skin informs how quickly the skin will absorb the moisturizer; mildly or severely. As a result, the skin becomes incapable of retaining its natural moisture. Dry skins are recognized by fine lines and wrinkles, lack of pores, flakiness, brittleness, dullness and tightness.
• Oily Skin
Oily skins have high amounts of sebum secretion and possess enlarged pores and skin shine. Oily skins are usually influenced by genetic factors and hormonal secretions. Oily skins usually require more powder use because of the dryness that the powder offers. Face setting powders for oily skins are particularly effective for reducing the effect of the heightened sebum secretion by the skin.
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• Sensitive skin
Sensitive skins are usually determined by medical diagnoses. They are characterized by flushing, persistent redness, papules and pustules, and overall sensitivity. Skin is either sensitized or sensitive. When the medical diagnoses do not show the signs of a sensitive skin, then it means that the skin is sensitized. Sensitized skin is a result of habits, the environment, and other internal and external factors that are within the control of a person. Signs of a sensitive skin include rosacea and psoriasis. When a patient has any two of asthma, eczema or hay fever, then their skin is sensitive.
• Acneic skin
Acne is a skin condition in which the oil-secreting glands of the skin produce eruptions on the face, neck, and shoulders that can leave pitted scars. Acne can range from mild to severe and often affects adolescents.
• Combination Skin
There are two types of combination skins; combination dry and combination oily. The combination dry skin is the type of skin in which the skin is dry in some areas and normal in others. It occurs as a result of natural changes in the degree of sebum secretion across the face. The sebum is usually secreted less around the cheeks, compared to other parts of the face.
Combination oily skins have areas of their skin which are normal and others that are oily. Like combination dry skins, it also occurs due to variances in the production of oil across the face.